Gig Economy and Labour Relations - Algorithmic Management
with Special Guest: Arianna Tassinari
In this article, Sarah explores the impact of gig economy and algorithmic management on the employees - what their experience is like, how their work is structured, and whether being a gig economy employee is everything it panned out to be. Gig economy, as well as its benefits and limitations, has been subject to much debate in social policy and labour relations lately. Facilitated by management via algorithms, gig economy can be seen as symptomatic of another reincarnation of scientific management (initially outlined by F.W. Taylor - see Episode 1). Some notable differences/evolutions include separation of people by means of technology, as well as uncertain conditions of employment. With this in mind, we decided to investigate and see whether algorithmic management could claim heirdom to the pioneering ideas of Taylor, or whether some other classical approaches to management have more in common with this way of structuring work?
Many uncertainties and misunderstanding about gig economy remain. On the one hand, flexible labour arrangements allow organizations to deploy the necessary resources with speed and precision, and at lower cost. On the other hand, having a pool of 'contractors' who do not interact with each other or the organization makes any kind of learning, innovation or informal coordination virtually impossible. Is gig economy only good for mass-production of standardized goods and services?
Did Taylor, as Sarah suggests, really worked towards providing consumers with cheaper products? Or was he most concerned with the employees? Is it fair to claim, as the founder of Percolata would have us believe, that algorithms remove managerial biases and make for a fairer workplace? What is the role of labour relations in the absence of interpersonal relations between the management and the employees? These are just some of the questions we tackle with the help of our guest, Arianna Tassinari - an expert on industrial relations and trade unions.
So join us as we (possibly) contribute to the current debate and attempt to make clearer sense of the relevant key concepts leveraging our collective experience and knowledge!
Read with us:
Lee, M.K., Kusbit, D., Metsky, E. and Dabbish, L., (2015). Working with machines: The impact of algorithmic and data-driven management on human workers. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1603-1612). ACM. (Link to FREE PDF)
Rosenblat, A. and Stark, L., (2015). Uber's Drivers: Information Asymmetries and Control in Dynamic Work. (Link to FREE PDF)
A brief note of the Digital Black Box Labour that Arianna mentioned - http://wiki.p2pfoundation.net/Digital_Black_Box_Labor
A Buzzfeed article by Simon Neville - Deliveroo Riders Reveal The Harsh Realities Of The Gig Economy